By Michael Hilkemeijer
To make sure that you apply the appropriate ICT teaching strategies for each individual child, it is important that you use data from assessments to you to help reflect on the effectiveness of an approach to a particular topic, theme or ICT skill.
This is important because through the effective integration of ICT in the classroom you can support the development of ICT capability.
And ICT capability is largely practical.
So here are some suggestions for you to learn how to develop teaching strategies now.
How to use Assessment to Develop ICT Teaching Strategies?
Reflecting before or after events has been known to be able to improve future situations.
You need to ask yourself questions such as:
- Did the class make the sort of improvements as expected?
- Are there certain parts of the development that have demonstrated better than expected?
- Can you identify what it was that you said, or that they discovered, that might have brought about these improvements?
If you can, you know what to stick with and what you need to improve on in the future.
Intervene at the appropriate moments
By asking them lots of questions you will get a picture of what they really know and understand.
This will help you to decide where to go next.
It will also help you to identify opportunities for peer tutoring, self-help groups and so on.
You can probe children’s understanding more by asking them ‘why’ questions.
This also helps them become more aware of what they are understanding.
And this ensures that they are better equipped to help one another.
Encouraging them to talk about it and to reflect on it will help them move closer to being autonomous users of ICT.
Ask for a demonstration
A simple demonstration of how to save or print a file on the computer either to you or to someone else is a good way to assess how well they have been taught.
Another way that you could learn information to help you inform your teaching strategies is to eavesdrop on children when they are collaborating.
Before you intervene, listen first!
If you barge into a collaborative conversation, they will assume you know what they have been talking about all the time.
Another suggestion would be to identify children who are more capable of using ICT.
Peer tutoring is one of the most effective means of support you can establish.
Use my advice on grouping children when using ICT that includes considering levels of capabilities in ICT.
For example, a most able child could help a ‘middle range’ child as a pair.
And a ‘middle range’ can help a lower attainer.
Identify common errors
You can also identify common errors and talk about these in large groups.
This may bring up many misconceptions about using the computer.
Assess group work
If you have planned a group task where the computer is used as a tool to gain information it may create some issues.
However, if you use the suggestions offered in my full online PD you will learn how to overcome this hurdle with ease.
The benefit of group work with computers is that they learn a lot from each other.
Assess individual work
Not all work on the computer is done in groups and when individual work is set it is essential that you apply key strategies such as those mentioned in my full online pd.
For example, I go into depth as to how you can effectively assess ICT capability in the early learning environment.
You may find that some children never seem to have an opportunity to hold a mouse and may need their confidence boosted so they can develop their fine motor skills.
Use your assessment findings to establish a starting point for learning with ICT
Go through all the data that you have obtained from the above suggestions and start plotting a path for children to learn.
These are my suggestions as to how to improve your ICT teaching strategies.
If you like this video and want to know more, please visit my ICT in Education Teacher Academy where there are over 30 online pd courses for teachers in early childhood education and Primary education.
That is over 30 ways to you succeed in integrating ICT in the classroom now!
Become a member of this teacher academy today with a 1 month free trial and pay just $37 USD per month.