How ICT Integration Leaders can Promote a Culture of Change in Schools

Teaching Strategies

By Michael Hilkemeijer

A school’s ICT culture can be a very powerful force in determining the direction of a school. It is a combination of a realisation of relationships, beliefs, attitudes and the ideologies of all those who work in the school. By this, of course, I mean not just the teaching staff but also senior management. For it is without their support that you will not be able to ensure the effective integration of ICT in students’ learning – a key role of being a teacher-librarian.

This poses a challenging task for you. However, if your school is to move forward along with the changing nature of the world of work, “it must be prepared to adopt a culture that prepares its students for change” (Kennewell et al., 2000, p. 59).


teaching strategies for ICT


A common issue in many schools today is the mix of these attitudes, beliefs and ideologies especially in the teaching staff as it is they who will ultimately help you achieve your goals in ICT. Those resistant to change need to understand that the more traditional structures and modes of teaching are becoming less and less responsive to the challenges of our turbulent times (Semenov, 2005). Innovation and transformation are being expected of educators everywhere, especially in Primary education, which is “the most crucial stage in the development of a human being” (Semenov, 2005, p. 18).

There are:

  • First year teachers – come with a whole new range of teaching practices in ICT integration;
  • Teachers who have been there for a couple of years – sometimes have mixed beliefs and attitudes and;
  • Teachers who have been there at the school forever and have a long experience in teaching – at times, can be stuck in the teaching strategies that they know will work for them.


Your school might have a mix of these or could just include one of these types of people. Which one sounds familiar to you?

In whatever the case, they are not helping your cause.

Teaching ICT and writing about ICT teaching strategies for a number of years I can certainly sympathise with you. 

Part of making change happen is challenging the teaching practices of teachers at your school. This is great for those who are stuck in the past. You will learn more about this when you enrol in our accredited ICT leadership course.

teaching strategies for ICT integration

Let me tell you a story of a primary school principal called Dr Spike Cook. His story highlights how good ICT leadership can shift change at a school. Spike embraced innovative technological integration strategies and set an example to his colleagues and students. He realised that for change to happen, he needed to set a vision for both himself and the school.

Spike began by taking a reflective look at the school’s ICT culture. He saw himself as a visitor to the school and thought about the things he would see and those he would like to see.


“The institution we call ‘school' is what it is because we made it that way. If it is irrelevant, as Marshall McLuhan says; if it shields children from reality, as Norbert Wiener says; if it does not develop intelligence, as Jerome Bruner says; if it is based on fear, as John Hold says; if it avoids the promotion of significant learning, as Carl Rogers says; if it punishes and creativity and independence……in short, if it is not doing what needs to be done, it can be changed, it must be changed.”

Postman and Weingartner (1971, p. 13)


What Spike found was exactly what he had expected – a mix of beliefs and attitudes towards ICT integration at the school. He identified the five stages of technology adopters listed by Rogers (2012). These included:

  • Innovators, who see technology’s potential and take risks to incorporate it
  • Early adopters, who model successful integration of technology
  • Early majority, who think carefully before incorporating technology, and usually do not collaborate
  • Late majority, who are influenced by peers and external incentives
  • Laggards, who resist change and have few resources to support change.


As a result, he implemented a strategy for late adopters and reluctant technology users.

Another thing which he carried out was the modelling of technology integration to encourage his teachers and staff members to use technology. He understood that be a digital leader, he needed to commit to reading information about technology integration strategies daily to set an example to his teachers. He felt that the consistency of his commitment would not only lead to increased personal knowledge, but also build capacity among his teachers.

These were his tips:

  • Focus on the teachers and staff, students and the community to explore the importance of building the school;
  • Purposeful peer interaction is important along with developing relatable goals and associated outcomes with every change initiative;
  • The most effective strategies involve helping teachers and principals develop the instructional and management of change skills necessary for school improvement;
  • Teachers are the key and therefore require effective professional development in ICT. Online PD courses is just one input for learning and that ICT leaders must model lifelong learning to their teachers themselves;
  • Seeing effective and innovative practices where teachers embrace technology is necessary for success.


educational leadership teaching strategies

I think what I learnt from this story is that achieving change is not ever going to be easy. It’s going to be hard. A long journey and there will be many people who will be reluctant and resistant to it. When I think of your goal in ensuring effective ICT integration in student learning, it reminds me of how important your role is as a teacher-librarian. A strong school ICT culture needs a leader like yourself to demonstrate to your colleagues that change is achievable. Don’t let the excuse of ‘lack of time’ get in your way. In the words of Dr Spike Cook:


“We are in a profession with the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of children, leave a lasting impact, motivate them to achieve, instill a sense of lifelong learning, and prepare them for success once they leave our schools. If someone says they don’t have time to work toward change that helps to achieve these goals, then they should question why they are in the field of education. Dedicated educators make the time because it is their job!”


And that’s why I think you should enrol today in our accredited online PD course for ICT coordinators. The information that you have learnt in this article is just the ‘tip of the iceberg’ in terms the expertise you need in order to stand out to your colleagues and peers as a leader in ICT integration. Collaborate with other leaders and lead your school to ICT greatness today.


Promote a lasting change in school ICT culture

Completing this course will contribute to 7 hours of NESA registered PD addressing 2.6.3 and 3.4.3 of Australian Professional Standards for Teachers towards maintaining Highly Accomplished teacher accreditation in NSW and Victoria.

Cost: $120

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